What Is Shigella?Shigella are bacteria that can infect the digestive tract and cause a wide range of symptoms, from diarrhea, cramping, vomiting, and nausea, to more serious complications and illnesses. Infections, called shigellosis, sometimes go away on their own; in others, antibiotics can shorten the course of the illness.
Shigellosis typically affects kids 2 to 4 years old, and rarely infects infants younger than 6 months old. These infections are very contagious but can be prevented with proper hand hygiene and proper cleaning protocols.
Shigella Prevention TipsProperly and consistently washing hands is the first defense in preventing cross contamination. A second defense is to use a hand sanitizer proven effective against bacteria such as Shigella , which is closely related to E. Coli.
If an outbreak occurs in a community such as a preschool or daycare, exclude all staff and students with diarrhea until 24 hours after diarrhea ceases.